Map of the basic and comprehensive network of roads
A starting point for activities of Department for Strategic Planning, Studies and Development are:
- South East Europe 2020
- European Transport Policy for 2010
- European Transport Policy for 2010 - 2020 - 2050.
- Annex I
- Strategy of Railway, Road, Inland Waterway, Air and Intermodal Transport Development in the Republic of Serbia from 2008 to 2015
- Strategija bezbednosti saobraćaja 2015-2020. godine.
Department for Strategic Planning, Studies and Development took active participation in the project “Institutional Capacity Building in Transport Sector”. The Project was implemented in the Ministry of Infrastructure through 18 topical reports which provided the basis for future reforms in the transport sector, which was financed by the European Agency for Reconstruction. One of the main results was the production of Draft National Strategy and Policy for Transport Sector Development until 2015, which was later modified, harmonized and adopted as: Strategy of Railway, Road, Inland Waterway, Air and Intermodal Transport Development in the Republic of Serbia from 2008 to 2015.
European Council granted the status of candidate country to Serbia on March 1, 2012, based on the Committee opinion on Serbia’s application for membership adopted on October 12, 2011. The Council concluded on December 5, 2011 that European Council would consider opening of accession negotiations in accordance with common practice when the European Commission assesses that Serbia achieved the required degree of harmonization with the membership criteria.
Given the fact that the Republic of Serbia currently holds the status of candidate country for the full membership in the EU, the transport policy of the Republic of Serbia is determined by the goal of economic and social development and harmonization with the EU transport policy. By following the path of EU integration, in the previous years the significant effort has been dedicated to the harmonization of the national legislation in the field of transport with the EU legislation. The Department for Strategic Planning has actively participated in drafting and realization of the Reports prepared by the line ministries in this complex process.
By signing the Agreement on the Establishment of the Transport Community between the countries of the Western Balkans / Serbia, Albania, Kosovo, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro / and the EU in Trieste on July 12, 2017, and subsequent signing of Bosnia and Herzegovina on September 18, 2017, in Brussels, the process of transport integration has been raised to a significantly higher level, and the signing represents the end of a long lasting procedure which started in 2008. This Agreement constitutes the beginning of the new era for cooperation between the EU and the Western Balkans. The essence of the transport community is bringing the Western Balkans closer to the EU by creating the fully integrated transport network in the Western Balkan countries, as well as between the region and the EU, in order to harmonize transport policies with standards of the EU. The goal of this Agreement is also to establish relevant legislation in the Western Balkans region with the legislation of the Community. Its additional objective is to generate favorable conditions to support the transport sector of the Western Balkans in more efficient provision of the net positive impact on GDP growth and job creation. This Agreement will further serve as an instrument for implementation of reforms of VB6 Connectivity Agenda. The Summit held in Trieste built on results of previous summits – Berlin (August 28, 2014), Vienna (August 27, 2015), Paris (July 4, 2016) – and it still makes progresses in a few fields of cooperation, especially in the Connectivity Agenda, which will remain the key element of the process and the regional integration.
This very complex process is more and more often referred to as the Berlin Process.
Among other things, in the past few years Serbia has been engaged in creation of preconditions for access to pre-accession funds of the European Union (Program on the level of Serbia for pre-accession assistance to Serbia in the period from 2007- 2013, and later 2014-2017). The Department actively participates in all working groups within the line ministries dealing with these issues, government agencies, chambers of commerce, etc.
In the previous period, the Department established cooperation with the Office for Development of the Republic in terms of making the methodology for measuring the state of development of municipalities, support to the making of Draft Strategy of Sustainable Development of the Republic of Serbia, Draft Construction Strategy.
The Department was involved in the project of the Government of the Republic of Serbia “Towards more efficient implementation of reforms” oriented towards the essential capacity building of bodies and organizations in state administration, via relevant ministries for the process of planning and plan budgeting through the production of strategically target oriented Annual Operating Plans of the Ministry, for the purpose of improving the allocation of budget funds and better use of international assistance and monitoring the realization of planned and proposed Projects.
ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT:
The Department supports the implementation of projects financed by International Financial Institutions and European Funds.
The Department keeps track of all new Directives, technical regulations, standards, laws directly related to the process of producing technical documents, as well as all ongoing initiatives connected with the process of harmonization of technical regulations, standards and joining the EU.
The Department actively monitors all changes related with:
- road administration, presentation of possible development of the organization, work principles and administrative procedures;
- road financing, presentation of alternative approaches for road financing;
- strategic analyses and long-term planning for the preservation and development of the road network.
It takes part in making and monitoring of the realization from technical aspect of Annual Plan of the PE “Roads of Serbia”.
For the purpose of reviewing and analysis of the regional transport on the West Balkans, the European Union ordered and financed Regional Balkans Infrastructure Study (REBIS) which was finished in 2003. Its focus was the development of the regional multimodal SEETO-Main Network /now called SEETO-Comprehensive Network/. Development of the Main Network proposed at that point in time required stronger regional cooperation, therefore joint Steering Committee was established as well as the Secretariat for the observation of the development of the Main Network. All data on the road network submitted by the Republic of Serbia were prepared by PERS departments. In the perspective which is opening within the Trans-European Transport Network TEN-T by the EU, 2012 SEETO-Comprehensive Network will transform hopefully in near future into the part of south-east axle.
Department for Strategic Planning, Studies and Development takes active participation in the implementation of the “Memorandum of Understanding” which is foreseen in the Action Plan for the realization of priorities and European partnership (adopted by the Government of the Republic of Serbia by the end of 2004). The "Memorandum of Understanding" foresees the establishment of South-East Europe Transport Observatory, with which permanent cooperation is established.
Since the need is recognized for adequate analyses of the data collected so far, which significantly varied among different regional countries as well as among the means of transport, in 2013-2017 updating of Regional Balkans Infrastructure Study (REBIS) started, potentially in the perspective of joining /signing the Transport Agreement with the EU and negotiations concerning the inclusion in TEN-T. PERS actively participates in the Work Group supporting this important project. The Study provide further investment guidelines, confirm the remaining investment decisions which are not relevant yet, plans multimodal transport in order to ensure the links with the sea/river ports and airports, as well as the links outside the immediate region of the Western Balkan based on trading trends by focusing on non-physical barriers, border crossings located on the main roads of the SEETO-Comprehensive Network, taking into consideration activities which were not performed as a part of the Central European Free Trade Agreement /CEFTA/.
The regional project „Support to the Transport Dimension of JIE 2020 Strategy- Inventory and analysis of supporting road infrastructure within Trans-European Transport Network /TNT-N/ in Southeast Europe, strongly supported by the PE “Roads of Serbia”, was completed in 2017. This document will provide us with further inputs for development of missing components in the zone of motorway which are necessary for levelling up the quality of transit traffic services in Serbia that will contribute to increase of PERS' income.
The realization of one of numerous other regional projects implemented in cooperation with SEETO, CONNECTA – which currently has 3 active components and insists upon so called soft measures: introduction of revision and safety inspection in the Region, Development of infrastructure maintenance system in the region and ITS system implementation in the Western Balkans region, has commenced.
Directive 2008/96 of the European Parliament and Council No. 2008/96 on safe road infrastructure management has shown the clear decision of the European Union demanding Road Safety Audit (RSA) to be mandatory on the TNT Trans-European Road Network / present SEETO Network/. In the document covering the policy “Towards a European road safety area: policy orientations on road safety 2011-2020”, and under the objective of safer infrastructure, it is stated that the Commission will „ensure that European funds are approved only for the infrastructure that matches the Directive on road and tunnel safety“.
It is necessary to take this fact into account in case of long-term planning of infrastructural project.
In accordance with the all relevant Strategic documents relating transport, the PERS has applied for resources from pre-accession funds through the line ministry which supports development of SEETO – Comprehensive and core network. Preparation of Preliminary Design with the Feasibility Study on Route 7 / E80/ SEETO – Core network, Route 7 in direction Niš - Priština is financed by the WBIF Program. Spatial plan for infrastructural motorway corridor on Route 7 in direction Niš - Priština has been adopted.
More efficient management of public funds in the conditions of global economic crisis implies better use of the funds allocated for roads management, which is a necessary precondition for Serbia to meet the objectives defined in the South East Europe 2020 Strategy, adopted on November 21, 2013, in the third support – Sustainable Development, where transport development is one of the main frameworks for development. Implementation of the South East Europe 2020 Strategy, which follows the European 2020 Strategy in its main theses, will be monitored by the Regional Cooperation Council, and it will be realized through South-East Europe Transport Observatory with which permanent cooperation is established.
The Department actively participated in the implementation of the three-year Twinning Agreement with the Swedish Road Administration. This Agreement included consulting services and trainings related with: implementation of routine maintenance works (Support to the World Bank loan which included the introduction of contracting the works based on the level of service quality in one segment), traffic safety improvement, system solution for environmental protection issues in the road corridor and upgrade of road network planning and management. It resulted with the following adopted Policies of the PE “Roads of Serbia”, which can be downloaded by clicking on the desired document. The Department also initiated and takes active part in intersectoral project - National infrastructure of geospatial data in the Republic of Serbia – road network.
The field that increasingly imposes itself as a subject is climate resilient infrastructure in a context of sustainable development, with particular reference to experiences acquired in 2014 after disastrous floods in this region.
As regards the Nationally Determined Contributions /NDC/ to reduction of gas emissions which cause the greenhouse effect /GHG/ that are delivered to the Secretariat of UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, Serbia obliged itself to reduce GHG emission by 9.8% until 2030 in relation to 1990. According to the data of national greenhouse gas /GHG/ inventory for 2013 reflected in the Serbian First and Second biennial updated report prepared in accordance with the Convention, burning fossil fuels are still the largest emitters of gases, and data from 2014 reflects that 12% of emission stems from the transport sector.
Therefore, the great potential for climate change mitigation lies exactly in road transport. The other issue that is insisted on is the necessity of introduction of electrically operated vehicles into Serbian transport system, as well as systematic approach through strategic and legislative frameworks for this field by developing the infrastructure for charging of this kind of vehicles.
The PERS installed already in 2017 the first chargers for electrically operated vehicles, thus putting Serbia amongst the countries that follow this global trend.
The topic which is also under focus is support provided to the projects on development of infrastructure for bicyclists. There are 3 Pan-European cycling routes - Evrovelo 6, 11 and 13 - passing through Serbia.
For the time being, the Evrovelo 6 is the most developed route in Serbia. The route Evrovelo 11 will in future connect the far north of Europe with Greece via Serbia. This infrastructure is the subject of interest of both the local self-governments and cross-border cooperation programs. The PERS strongly supports all of these initiatives.
- Manual Cost Benefit Analysis
- HEATCO-Developing Harmonized European Approach for Transport Costing and Project Assessment
- Guide for Cost –Benefit Analysis on Investments Project - Structural Fund, Cohesion Fund and Instrument for Pre-Accession –European Commission –Directorate General for Regional Policy- Guide for Cost Benefit Analysis used for investment projects, prepared by the European Commission Directorate-General for Regional Policy